The 1992 Barcelona Games highlighted the dramatic political change of the times: a new Unified Team (replacing the disintegrated USSR), a unified German team (following the union or East & West Germany) and the return of South Africa (following apartheid changes).
9,356 (6,652 men, 2,704 women) competitors from 169 nations participated (a new record) in 28 sports and 257 events over a fortnight. Unified Team (formerly USSR) continued its winning streak with a gold medal tally of 45. USA was 2nd with 37, the newly unified Germany 3rd with 36 and China 4th with 16 gold medals.
This Games reflected the changing face of world politics, especially in Europe. The Communist Bloc had crumbled; the Iron Curtain and the Berlin Wall had been destroyed. The new independent republics of the former Soviet Union joined forces to compete as the Unified Team, also known as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). For the first time since 1964, a single German team competed (East and West Germany had previously competed separately). South Africa also returned to the Games for the first time since 1960.
Fu, just 13, led a strong Chinese diving team that won three of four possible gold medals.
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