The first games in 12 years (due to WWII) and also the first Games since the death of the founder of the modern Olympics, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, in 1937.
4,104 (3,714 men, 390 women) competitors from 59 nations participated in 17 sports and 136 events over a fortnight. United States won the gold medal tally with 38. A staggering 37 nations were on the medal table and Sweden surprised all in second place with 16 gold.
Fanny Blankers-Koen, a Dutchwoman, won four gold medals on the track – the 100m, 200m, 80m hurdles and 4x100m relay – and remains the only female to win four athletics gold medals at a Games. She had competed in high jump at the Berlin 1936 Olympics but was unplaced.
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